Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe or hallux joint on the foot which is usually involved with the deviation in the position of the great toe or hallux. Bunions are very prevalent. It may or may not be painful and it never looks good and almost always presents a problem for the fitting of shoes. They do are inclined to be genetic and can be a result of using footwear that are too tight. Bunions are more prevalent in women and this may be due to the type of shoes. They might be painful within the joint because of arthritis like symptoms and they also are usually painful from pressure from the shoe on the enlarged joint.
Can exercises help bunions? They might be able to, but they are unlikely to help make the bony enlargement go away and they might help improve the angle of the big toe somewhat. The only method to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No level of exercising is going to make that go away. The amount of force producing the bunion and resulting in the big toe or hallux to deviate way surpasses what any exercise is likely to change. However, having said that, the exercises which you generally see recommended are still probably worth carrying out since they might help keep your joint mobile and flexible which is a beneficial thing. That increase in the range of motion of the joint should go a long way to helping pain that frequently occurs inside the joint. The sort of bunion exercises that will be most helpful are those which stretch and move the joints through its full range of movement in all directions. Sometimes exercises to help strengthen the arch muscles of the feet may also be effective. Even when surgery is used, the exercises pre and post the surgery will assist with the rehabilitation.