Radiation is all around us. It resides in our houses as part of our radios and ovens, and we experience a very low level at every moment of our natural environment. You can also get the best radiation safety services through various online sources.
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To put it simply, radiation is energy that travels through space as a wave or as a high-speed particle. There are two kinds of radiation: ionizing radiation non-ionizing radiation. Together, these two types of radiation make up the electromagnetic spectrum.
Non-ionizing radiation doesn't have as much energy as ionizing radiation. therefore, it is usually not very dangerous. The energy contained in non-ionizing radiation is sufficient to make the electrons in atoms or molecules wiggle and dance, but not sufficient to take electrons.
In contrast, ionizing radiation has sufficient energy to ionize atoms and molecules (taking electrons and leaving unpaired electrons). This process and the ions produced can seriously damage tissues and cells. This causes damage through a number of mechanisms, including:
-Breaking important chemical bonds.
-Production of free radicals: These are highly reactive ions in the body that disrupt normal functions and cause cell and tissue damage when reacting with biological pathways.
-The creation of dangerous new synthetic bonds among macromolecules that would otherwise not be formed.
-Directly damaging molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins are responsible for normal cell function.
However, not all ionizing radiation is bad. Ionizing radiation can be used for imaging in the medical field, for example, x-rays for the examination or treatment of bones, as in the case of radiation.